What are your proposals for training and better training?

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Do you want to improve the Parcoursup procedure, what are the planned measures?

“Good orientation is essential for an adapted route and for guaranteed success. From this point of view, the device parcourup is an excellent initiative by Minister Frédérique Vidal and a beautiful evolution taking into account the much more random mechanisms that have been proposed so far.
However, it is a device that still needs to be improved and is part of Emmanuel Macron’s presidential project.
First it will take simplify Parcoursup and do it more predictable, providing accurate results from previous years and better supporting families. It must also be filled in with a presentation of elementary and high school professions.”

What do you propose to improve the guidance of high school youth?

“Guidance is essential because the failure rate in the first years of general post-baccalaureate courses has become dramatic and unacceptable. The earlier mentoring begins (in elementary and high school), the more effective it will be.
The failure rate in the first general license cycle is 95% for holders of Professional Bachelor. By default, too many students are part of the general currents of the University. Short courses (BUT, BTS, etc.), in high demand, have paradoxically become very selective. Unsuccessful students find themselves, against their will, on the University benches, in a general current.

The university is a pillar of our social contract : a means of emancipation and an instrument of equal opportunities. I see this every day at Melun, a model university that has a real role as a social elevator.
The aim of the reform is to introduce a half-day “Future” at the school from the 5th that could, for example, allow entry, along with the guidance counselorsprofessionals and young people a little older than them who were able to witness their experience in front of the students.”

How to guide young people to needy professions? Is learning a lever to achieve this in your opinion?

“The unprecedented development ofLearning allowed, in 2021, almost 750,000 young people to sign a learning contract. The Youth unemployment rate has already reached 15.9%and thus joined the lower levels of previous cycles in the late 1980s and 1990s.
Learning is therefore not just a lever to direct young people to scarcity professions but also a great way to get closer to full employment.

The logic of demand must be complemented by a logic of supply. It will be necessary to open, as Emmanuel Macron pointed out, all the necessary vacancies in the higher education sectors that correspond to the needs of the country, starting with BTS, BUT, professional licenses, and to regulate the sectors that do not lead enough to education. ‘use’.

What measures do you recommend to update technological and professional flows in secondary education and make it easier for students to guide students towards them?

Emmanuel Macron
©Andrea Hanks

“It is fundamental review the professional training offerwhich obviously implies simultaneously increasing the number of learning or work-study places.
This measure alone will not be enough. It is now necessary to establish a high school reform to make it a path to excellence with remuneration for high school students and a change in the training logic in the format of Learning.

Making vocational and technological secondary education a path to excellence thanks to a proven method will facilitate the orientation of students to these sectors. To this end, we will increase internship periods in companies by 50% and allow young people to be paid.

On January 13, 2022 the President of the Republic announced: “we will not be able to remain permanently in a system where higher education is priceless for almost all students.“What follow-up will be given to this statement?

“The meaning of this sentence has been distorted. Emmanuel Macron did not mention the increase in enrollment fees for initial university training, but he rightly considered that continuing training, which is aimed at professionals and which is paid for by the employer, either by paying.

Furthermore, For the 4th year in a row, university application fees for the 2022 academic year will be frozen. It will therefore be 170 euros for the bachelor’s degree, 243 euros for the master’s and 380 euros for the doctorate. Crous’s rents will also be frozen next year after two years of freezing.

Student precariousness, much publicized with the pandemic, has been a hot topic for several years. How to end this?

“During the crisis, the Government had to act urgently to remedy the deficiencies already present in the social assistance system:

- We fight against student precariousness and distribute 11 million meals at 1 euro and we also freeze Crous’s registration fees and rentals in 2020-2021.

- Of additional help of 200 eurosin December 2020, for the most needy and isolated students during the crisis were paid and a 100 euro inflation check complemented this support.

- the creation of state guarantee for student loansso that each student can obtain financing to continue their studies has also allowed students to borrow up to 20,000 euros with deferred repayment of the borrowed amount.

- We have updated scholarships based on social criteria for three consecutive years to preserve the purchasing power of scholarship holders.

As the president said:We are in a country, and it is a source of pride, but where one in three students has a scholarship and has been able to benefit from it. And yet, we have never seen so much student precariousness.

From now on, it is essential to act and not in a palliative way, but in a sustainable and take on the floor-to-ceiling student support projectwhether scholarships, housing or job opportunities with successful studies.
This subject of student life is an essential project to think our universities up to 2030.”

And the social benefits?

“Regarding the social supportit is unthinkable that, in a country like ours, where almost1/3 of the students are scholarship holdersthe amount of grants is limited, at best, to 5000 euros per year for 10 months.
This implies that 46% of students are forced to work alongside their studiesand often more than 16 hours a week with contracts not adapted to their situations, to pay the rent for accommodation in the private sector because there is no CROUS accommodation available!

So, obviously, this complete reform of our social assistance system is going to require a lot of consultation so that all the ideas, all the solutions, can be considered as the payment of the scholarship in 12 months with calculation made on the real income of the students.
O student work will also have to be valued, as the President said, and this compromise taken into account in the marking and in the timetable.

It would also be necessary to a one-stop shop for all social assistance students can benefit from allow them to be accompanied in administrative procedures and to benefit from all the aid to which they are entitled.

the question of accommodation it is also essential to end the precariousness of students. I think we have to recognize that we did not achieve the goals we set ourselves in this area.
Even if Crous’s rents are frozen next year, after two years of freezing, we are committed to building a 60,000 student accommodation over the five-year period, but only 34,000 of them actually got off the ground. However, accommodation occupies the first item of expenditure and represents around 50% of the student’s budget.

Next to student accommodation under the CROUS agreement, there are other solutions: some should be discussed, put on the table or improved.
First, I think we should facilitate access to the private parkin particular thanks to a complete overhaul of the scholarship and social aid system. This system would have the merit of providing an almost immediate response to a recurring problem.
So, and this is a Fage’s proposalit is necessary to discuss the means that would allow facilitate access to the HLM park for young people and students. Local authorities in partnership with social landlords have a role to play both in organizing and financing this solution.”

What human and financial efforts are planned for French universities in the coming years?

“A better and greater production of knowledge can only be achieved at the cost of a very strong involvement and very distanced from the State: a strategic State that shows where it is necessary to go, but that leaves to theUniversity tell how to get there; a State that does not control a priori, but supports the establishment strategies that it has approved and that judges a posteriori; a State that simplifies and transforms the multiannual contract into a contract of objectives and means, a true lever of public action”.

Money will always be the sinew of war. The research programming law brought 25 billion eurosinvestments for the future represent another 50 billion euros.

“The place of universities is fundamental in this new project: the President of the Republic has announced that he wants to continue strengthen the autonomy of our universities to achieve full autonomy with the implementation of new assessment and management tools for the democratization of student success.
He also announced that he wanted make our universities research operators in full right. The bet of recent years paid off: strong universities were formed, with the result that France rises in the Shanghai rankings. We must continue this movement through the establishment of a state strategy that strengthens the role of thematic research organizations, positioning research in specific sectors.

With these announcements, the President of the Republic makes the University one of the pillars of his presidential program for the next five years, placing higher education and research at the heart of our independence strategy.”

Do “economic” preparations remain a pillar of higher education for you?

“The courses most sought after by students offer a clear career path – medicine, law, engineering, commerce – or strong academic support – IUTs, preparatory classes. readability of the learning contract.

Although the system of preparatory classes for the Grandes Écoles is sometimes criticized (cost, elitism, etc.), it also offers many advantages: they are based on multidisciplinarity and the supervision of a high quality faculty.
We will remedy your inconveniences and take advantage of the qualities of these courses of excellence by creating synergies with our universities such as the ENS and the preparatory classes at Lycée Henri IV, which together built an innovative first cycle at the University. of Paris Sciences and Letters.”

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- The interview with Marine Le Pen)

©Serhej Calka

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