During the conference-debate on the topic “The challenges of climate change in Africa and in the world: international climate negotiations at the various Paris conferences (Cop)”, the Minister of Forest Economy indicated that Congo is not passive on climate issues. The country has participated, among other things, in the ratification of international conventions and in the sustainable management of forests to mitigate the effects of climate change, through reforestation with the creation of carbon sinks.
In the context of preserving the planet, Rosalie Matondo spoke of the importance of the 109 Stockholm recommendations published to ensure less carbon-intensive development and Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.
It has extensively developed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which is one of three conventions adopted at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, along with the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention to Combat Desertification. The minister recalled that developed and less developed countries have commitments in relation to this convention, namely the production of national communication and the transfer of competences.
“In Congo, all international conventions on the preservation of the globe are ratified as soon as the National Assembly adopts them. I am happy to know that the directors of this establishment have the ambition to train the leaders of tomorrow in climate issues”, she added.
In her remarks, Rosalie Matondo also indicated that it is her duty to discuss with students that they must understand that repetitive flooding and seasonal changes are the cause of climate change. On the other hand, the National Forest Program, eucalyptus cloning, forest management, the Redd+ Pikounda project in Congo contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gases.
She shed light on the carbon market, which is a system of trading greenhouse gas emission rights, carbon credits and carbon quotas. According to the International Carbon Action Partnership’s 2020 report, twenty-one carbon markets have been created and another twenty-four are under development or planned.
The carbon market is just one of the options that exist for putting a price on carbon. It was supported by the industrial world, which preferred this solution using the market rather than a simple carbon tax. After a period of rapid growth of youth and strong size across Europe, the European market collapsed and remained depressed from the 2008 crisis until the beginning of 2017. But the carbon market reform, adopted in 2017, made the jump carbon price, which quadrupled in one year.
“Congo can sell its carbon credit. Denis-Sassou-N’Guesso University can create a study office for carbon credit”, commented Rosalie Matondo, before encouraging the students that the doors of the geomatics laboratories, as well as the planning and inventory cells are open for their analysis and research work, not to mention the 100 hectares of forest dedicated to research.
In the opinion of Junior Ambou, a student at the Higher Institute of Environmental Geographical Sciences and Planning, this conference-debate provided additional knowledge for the trainees. “This exchange was beneficial for us, because it expanded our knowledge, bringing us others. We understand how carbon credit can generate funds for the benefit of an institution or a country. », he indicated.
Finally, two Congolese climate experts, respectively Georges Bounzanga and François Mankessi, explained that the mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) is one of the solutions to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions to zero in the Congo.